Folklore ensemble Radovin
Folklore ensemble Radovin was established in 1999., to preserve old customs from embalm. Almost the whole winter a few locals collected parts of old costumes, together with old songs that were still remembered. Their first performance took place on Easter of year 1999, when dances and songs that many people still remembered were performed. A large number of elderly people started to dance spontaneously, hand by hand. Folklore ensemble Radovin performed on International folklore festival in Zagreb and on Eucharistic congress in front of St. Donat in Zadar, already in year 2000.
After numerous successful performances, the restoration of old songs and traditional costumes started. Various segments of human life are included, from love songs, dance songs, lullabies and lamentations. Folklore ensemble Radovin appeared on many folk reviews and folk festivals.
Radovin’s „orcanje” has been included on UNESCO’s Representative List of Intangible World Heritage by which one of the oldest types of polyphony singing was preserved. „Orcanje” is the remain of prehistoric Iliric and pre-iliric singing at the area of antique Dalmatia preserved through activities of Folklore ensemble Radovin.
The costume of Radovin
As a first part of the costume, women wear guće, simple, knited shirts with long sleeves. Over guća, as a basic cloth a shirt was worn, earlier made of linen, later of unbleached linen or other white materials. It was decorated with red embroideries on the edges and shoulders, and on the chest. Embroideries were made in simple geometrical motives. Above the shirt they wore carza – a skirt with the small v-cut vests with no sleeves.
A small vest called „oplećak”could have been hemmed with red ribbon, by the endings of the sleeves or by the chest edges with red rope. Carza was sewed from blue homemade fabric, and it was almost above the ankle. The bottom part was made of „vera”- 4 or 5 equal half. It was ruffled around the waist, and folded in gathers, and on the lower edge it was decorated by long ribbon which had red, yellow, green and blue squares on.
Around the waist kanica was closely tightened with the ends falling on the side of hips, with fringes that were hanging. Above the skirt and carza, an apron (pregljača) was worn. On the feet they had woolen knited socks, nazuvci above it and on nazuvke villars (leather shoes) were worn. The woman wore a small, tight, and duffel coat – Kaparanac, or a small duffel coat with sleeves. The hair was divided in the middle of the scalp and braided into braids that were twisted in a circle around the head. The jewellery that was worn with this costume was forging needle pins, and around the neck they wore a necklace called mrđele, made of stringed glass beads.
Traditional men costume had a white, straight linen shirt like in women’s costume, only without colored or white bonds. Guća – a knitted woolen shirt with long sleeves was worn under that shirt during winter. Older type of pants –bevernake – were made from black or blue duffel. They were tided by a rope – kurdela, and tightened by woven or linen belt around the waist, that was folded or bent to the side.
A sleeveless vest- krožet made from red, black and blue wool, often decorated by colorful bond or with buttons made from metal coins that were put in two rows with six buttons in each row, was worn above the shirt. Over all of that a coat – kaparanac- with long sleeves was worn. On their feet they wore socks (kalce) and nazuvke, then opanke (leather peasant shoes) and later vilare.
Men wore a coat (aljak) from black or brown thickly spun wool long to the ankle. They wore a small round, shallow, red hat with black fringes that were falling down the neck. Yet until mid 20th century older man wore a golden earring, and a mustache.