Folklore ensemble Fortuna, Ražanac
The Folklore ensemble Fortuna acts in Ražanac. It fosters the songs and dances from the area of Ražanac. Ražanačko kolo (a folk dance of Ražanac) is one of the brightest pearls of Croatian folklore.
Ražanačko kolo was usually danced on Christmas Eve till midnight, and on Good Friday before Easter. Except in front of the church, it was danced on Bunar (well), and on Popova pržina ( a priest’s sand), as well as in front of the house of Ivo Kovačević. The young and old people danced Kolo equally. For Christmas, New Year, the feast of Our Lady of Rosary the leaders of Kolo were older people. The leader of Kolo would start by inviting people that gathered around him with words „Iđemo igrat’ kolo” i.e. „ Let’s dance!”
Kolo was a demonstration of youth and strength. While the girls were dancing, their strength was admeasured. Young men were looking for their future wives among the dancers. Girls that were the strongest and who could kick with their feet well had the highest chance. Kolo was also danced in the spiral way, everybody following the leader. It would curve in the shape of a snail, and then it would unroll, curving again in different directions. Ražanačko kolo, like the most folk dances from Zadar County is a silent dance, without the music of the instruments, but with the music of feet which is made in characteristic rhythm.
A folk costume originates from year 1092.
Woman’s costume: Nothing on the head. The hair is braided into two braids wrapped around the head, or one braid twisted into a bun. Girls wore gold earrings and a gold necklace around the neck.
Komeš: white camisole with lace around the neck
Skuta: white underskirt
Suknja s oplečkom – vuštan: dressed over komeš and skuta
Traversa: an apron, tide around the waist above vuštan
Crne čarape: black socks, below the knee, tightened with a garter
Shoes: common, with a wide heel
Kaparan: a vest with the long sleeves, reaching to the waist
Košulja: white shirt without the collar
Oplećak: a vest without sleeves, with double buttons, reaches over the hips
Kaparan: a vest with long sleeves
Hlače: wide pants with two big pockets
Crvena kapica: a small red hat with a shallow brim
Cipele: common shoes